This State Map of Florida from the 1874 Mitchell Atlas of the World shows a hand-colored rendering of the State with a signature Mitchell Grape and Vine border.
The 1760s brought bands of Creek peoples to Florida. They became known as Seminoles, a name given by the Spanish for their outsider status. The Seminoles became increasingly autonomous from other Creek groups, eventually establishing their own unique identity. In the late 18th century, their numbers increased with free blacks and escaped slaves setting near and paying tribute to Seminole settlements.
During the colonial years, the Seminole maintained good terms with the Spanish and British. The Spanish Empire's gradual decline allowed the Seminoles to settle more deeply into the state. In 1819, by terms of the Adams-Onís Treaty, Spain ceded Florida to the United States in exchange for $5 million and the American renunciation of any claims on Texas that they might have from the Louisiana Purchase. The tribe established a dynasty that lasted past the removal of Seminoles by U.S. forces to Oklahoma preceding the Second Seminole War, 1835 to 1842. The dynasty survived through the Civil War, after which the federal government began interfering with the tribal government and supporting its own candidate for chief.
Archival reproduction print from high resolution scan. 12" x 15"