From the Mitchell Atlas of the World,1874. A beautiful map of Cuba with all it's hand colored detail. The Bahamas, Bimini, Nassau, Andros.
Since its discovery in the late fifteenth century, Cuba was considered the "pearl" of the Spanish Empire. The Ten Years' War in Cuba was sparked by an uprising against Spanish rule by Cuban rebels in 1868. The uprising consisted of a Cuban sugar mill owner, Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, and his followers proclaiming Cuba's independence from Spain. Thus began the first of three liberation wars. The other two took place after 1878, when the Ten Years' War ended. These were the Litter War, lasting two years, and the Cuban War of Independence, a three years war. The final three months of the War of Independence escalated into the Spanish-American War.
In 1783, the Bahamas were ceded to Britain in accordance with the Treaty of Paris. The first settlements of the land were made in the mid-17th century by the English. Woodes Rogers, the royal governor, had to defend his land frequently from buccaneers, most notably Blackbeard. The Spanish attacked the islands several times. An American force held Nassau during 1776. Nassau was captured by the Spanish in 1781 and took possession of the Bahamas as a whole. Next came the Treaty which gave the islands back to Britain. After the American Revolution, many Loyalists settled in the Bahamas. They took with them black slaves for labor on cotton plantations. Plantation life, however, faded with the slave's emancipation in 1834. Later, during the prohibition era in the United States, the islands became a base for rum running, which was the illegal business of transporting alcohol to the states.
Archival reproduction print from high resolution scan. 12" x 15"