From the Mitchell World Atlas of 1874. Hand colored, beautiful map of the United States of America.
The Louisiana Purchase took place in 1803 when the United States acquired France's claim to the Louisiana territory. The territory encompassed the present day states of Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska. Parts of Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, New Mexico, Texas, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and Louisiana were also included. America paid about $15 million for the land, which would total up to about $230 million in today's dollars. France had controlled this land from 1699 to 1762, when it gave the land to its ally, Spain. The territory was recaptured under Napoleon Bonaparte in 1800 in the hope of building an empire in North America. With an impending war with Britain and violent slave war in Haiti, Napoleon abandoned these plans and sold the land overnight to the Americans. President Thomas Jefferson presided over the purchase, without the knowledge or consent of Congress. The purchase was agreed to be unconstitutional. Jefferson, however, was pardoned, as the purchase proved incredibly advantageous for the new nation.
In 1884, the Washington Monument was completed. It was built in commemoration of the President George Washington. The structure was created to represent the man himself, standing tall and magnificent over all, however unadorned. Constructed of marble, granite, and bluestone gneise, it stands as the world's tallest stone structure at 556 feet. The contributing marble was gathered mostly from the bordering state of Maryland. Construction began in 1848. A 23 year hiatus in construction occurred for various reasons, including lack of funds and the American Civil War. The total cost for its construction added up to nearly two million dollars. Talk about building such a monument while Washington was still in office had surfaced, but he brushed it aside, claiming the money could be put to better use.
Archival reproduction print from high resolution scan. 15" x 24"