1874 Mitchell Atlas of the World – Ireland and Scotland

 

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Ireland  Scotland from the 1874 Mitchell Atlas of the World,this County and Province map of is hand-colored and bordered with the signature grape and vine design. We have reproduced this map from a high resolution scan, as a fine art print on heavyweight enhanced matte paper.

The Fenian Rising occurred in 1867 in Ireland. Organized by the Irish Republican Brotherhood, this was a rebellion against British rule. Dissatisfaction among Irish radical nationalists had grown especially after the suppression by the British of the Irish People newspaper. In the end, however, the rebellion proved poorly organized and was easily trumped. Part of the rising took the form of the Clerkenwell explosion. Richard Burke, employed by the Fenians to purchase arms, was imprisoned in London. While awaiting his trail at the Clerkenwell Prison, an explosion destroyed the prison wall in order to aid his escape. The explosion killed twelve and injured more than a hundred. This act heavily influenced William Gladstone's decision to disestablish the Anglican Church of Ireland in 1869.

Under threat of famine, the Irish National Land League was founded in the late nineteenth century. It worked to aid poor tenant farmers by abolishing landlordism and enable the farmers to gain ownership of the land they worked on. The period of their land related agitation is known as the Land War. Taking place in rural Ireland, it spanned from the 1870s, all the way to the 1890s. There were many violent incidents and deaths, but the event wasn't actually a war. It is more accurately described as a prolonged period of civil unrest.

In 1874, the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland passed the Church Patronage Scotland Act. This essentially abolished the Church of Scotland. In 1711, an Act had been passed to allow noble and other Patrons in Scotland to gain control of the Church again, after losing that custom in the Glorious Revolution, about 30 years prior. The Church of Scotland had always opposed this Act and claimed it was an infringement by the civil power into the spiritual matters of the Church.

In Scotland, the Tay Bridge disaster of 1879 took place when a violent storm forced the Tay Rail Bridge to collapse while a train was passing over it. The gales plunged the train into icy waters and resulted in 75 deaths.This later revealed many flaws in the design of the bridge and destroyed the chief engineer's, Thomas Bouch, reputation. Some architectural components used in the bridge were celebrated when it first opened. The passage spanned almost two miles and cut the travel time to London by five hours. Construction took six years and the disaster six months later left the company and engineer with unforgettable legacies.

Archival reproduction print from high resolution scan. 12" x 15"

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