1874 Mitchell Atlas of the World- California shows in original hand coloring the geographic and political features of California, 26 years since being an important northern outpost (Alta California) of Mexico (Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo), and 25 years after the beginning of the Gold Rush. This can be seen in the placement of Spanish and Anglo names. Drawn are major and minor mountain ranges , rivers and tributaries, defining the major regions of the State. The most southern railway appears to be following the Old Spanish Trail, the trade route between Los Angeles and Santa Fe, New Mexico.
The first recorded European discovery of the San Francisco Bay took place in 1769 by Gaspar de Portolá. The Spanish explorer was in search of the port of Monterey, also in California, and stumbled upon the bay. Portolá didn't realize what he had discovered and mistook it for an extension of Drakes Bay. The bay eventually became the center of nineteenth century American settlement in the Far West. The coveted bay became a great attraction when California requested and was accepted to join the United States in 1850. The gold rush instantly made San Francisco Bay one of the world's greatest seaports. The Bay dominated shipping and transportation in the Pacific Rim until the end of the nineteenth century.
Archival reproduction print from high resolution scan; 24" x 15"