1874 Mitchell Atlas of the World – Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi

 

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1874 Mitchell Atlas of the World- Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi.

The St. Louis general strike of 1877 is generally accepted as the first in the country. It branched from the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, which began in West Virginia in response to the cutting of wages. Organized largely by the Knights of Labor and the Marxist-leaning Workingmen's Party, the strike led about 500 people across the river as an act of solidarity. In all almost one thousand workers went on strike. The protest soon transformed from the disgruntlement of a couple hundred railroad workers to thousands of workers in several industries for an eight-hour day and ban on child labor. The strike was an effective, bloodless takeover by dissatisfied commerce and transportation workers. An elective committee was created to command the strike and continued to gain momentum with newsboys, boatmen, bakers, and many more joining the ranks. The general strike of St. Louis ended sadly when a couple thousand federal troops and special police killed about eighteen people in skirmishes around the city.

The Louisiana Purchase took place in 1803 when the United States acquired France's claim to the Louisiana territory. The territory encompassed the present day states of Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska. Parts of Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, New Mexico, Texas, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and Louisiana were also included. America paid about $15 million for the land, which would total up to about $230 million in today's dollars. France had controlled this land from 1699 to 1762, when it gave the land to its ally, Spain. The territory was recaptured under Napoleon Bonaparte in 1800 in the hope of building an empire in North America. With an impending war with Britain and violent slave war in Haiti, Napoleon abandoned these plans and sold the land overnight to the Americans. President Thomas Jefferson presided over the purchase, without the knowledge or consent of Congress. The purchase was agreed to be unconstitutional. Jefferson, however, was pardoned, as the purchase proved incredibly advantageous for the new nation.

Archival reproduction print from high resolution scan. 24" x 15"

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