1874 Mitchell World Atlas – Mass, Connecticut, R. Island

 

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From the Mitchell World Atlas of 1874, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island. A beautiful reproduction of a hand colored original. A thoughtful gift.

The Boston Massacre consisted of British redcoats slaughtered five civilian men and killing six others. It took place in 1770 and helped spark the rebellion in some of the British American colonies, eventually leading to the American Revolutionary War. The British increase in troops in Boston led to an increase in tension that erupted into brawls between soldiers and civilians. After being threatened by a mob, the troops fired, killing five civilians and injuring eleven. Crispus Attucks, a decedent of the Wampanoag tribe and Africa, was a solider in the American Revolution. He was the first individual shot to death by the British redcoats during the Boston Massacre. Attucks has been called the first martyr of the revolution. Little is actually known about this man, including the extent of his participation in the revolutionary acts. He did, however, become an icon of the anti-slavery movement as an example of the first black hero of the American Revolution.

Connecticut Plan, also known as the Great Compromise, was a compromise between the Virginia and New Jersey Plans. It was an agreement reached between large and small states during the Constitutional Convention of 1787.  It kept the bicameral legislature of the Virginian Plan, with one branch’s representation based on population and the other equal for each state. Created by Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth, the plan established three branches of government, the legislative, executive, and judicial.

Anne Hutchinson was a Puritan residing in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and New Netherlands in the early seventeenth century. She became the leader of a dissident church discussion group, holding Bible meetings for women, though men were quickly drawn in as well. She later went beyond Bible study to declare her own theological interpretations of sermons. Certain interpretations of hers offended colony leadership and they soon accused Hutchinson of practicing antinomianism. Her controversial interpretations led to a trial before a jury of officials and clergy and her banishment from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Hutchinson was a key figure in the study of the development of religious freedom in England’s American colonies and the history of women in ministry.

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